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Anathema: The Optimist – album review
TOM is great so far! Love the look! Like Like. It looks like another gem of yours. In contrast, people with a low level of optimism are passive against failures or life-threatening conditions and try to escape from the situation, or even they will lose their feeling of control in some cases.
In addition, people with a high level of optimism consider stressful situations as a challenge to overcome stress, not to avoid or escape from it, and try to increase commitment and control emotions to overcome the challenge successfully. Also the characteristic of hardiness may act as a filter to stressors and maintain positive experiences for the optimists; therefore, the obvious benefits of this event is that they can confront stressors and use health-protecting behaviors.
This process is very clever, purposeful, and deliberate. Results of this study should be considered along with its limitations. First, the cross-sectional design of the study has made our ability to assign causality impossible. In addition, we could not determine the state of the two personality characteristics of hardiness and optimism before being affected by cancer as well as comparison to the status quo due to administrative problems. According to the results of this study, healthcare team will be able to have better and more comprehensive understanding of personality characteristics of cancer patients, because hardiness indicators including commitment, control, and challenge as well as optimism may affect the individual's response to treatment plan or nursing care.
So, it is possible to increase cancer patients' hardiness through interventional procedures such as consultation. This study is part of a proposal, approved in with code , Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran which is sponsored with research deputy support and collaboration of University Research Deputy and also the sincere cooperation of patients in clinics and hospitals. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Address for correspondence: Ms. E-mail: ri.
Received Aug; Accepted Aug.
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Abstract Background: Hardiness and optimism are two general health promoting factors, which enable the individuals to remain both psychologically and physically healthy despite encountering negative life events. Results: The mean SD age and duration of illness were Conclusions: The results showed that most of the breast cancer patients had moderate to high hardiness and optimism, so healthcare providers can use these personality properties in their care planning to improve coping strategies.
Keywords: Breast cancer , hardiness , nursing , optimism. Introduction Breast cancer is an international health problem all around the world. Materials and Methods This research was a cross-sectional correlation study performed on patients with cancer in Ethical considerations The study protocol and its ethical considerations were approved by the Cancer Prevention Research Center affiliated to the Isfahan University of Medical Sciences.
Results The results showed that the mean SD age of the patients was Table 1 Status of hardiness and optimism in patients with cancer. Open in a separate window.
Table 2 Frequency distribution of research units according to the status of hardiness in patients with cancer. Table 3 Frequency distribution of research units according to the status of optimism in patients with cancer. Table 4 The relationship between score of hardiness in general and each of the dimensions with the score of optimism in patients with cancer. Discussion The present study is one of the few studies which examines the status of hardiness in Iranian women with breast cancer and investigates its relationship with optimism.
Conclusion According to the results of this study, healthcare team will be able to have better and more comprehensive understanding of personality characteristics of cancer patients, because hardiness indicators including commitment, control, and challenge as well as optimism may affect the individual's response to treatment plan or nursing care.
Financial support and sponsorship Isfahan University of Medical Sciences.
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Conflicts of interest Nothing to declare. Acknowledgement This study is part of a proposal, approved in with code , Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran which is sponsored with research deputy support and collaboration of University Research Deputy and also the sincere cooperation of patients in clinics and hospitals.
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References 1. The effects of breast cancer educational intervention on knowledge and health beliefs of women 40 years and older, Isfahan, Iran. J Educ Health Promot. Epidemiology and trends in breast cancer mortality in Iran. Iran J Public Health. Risk factors for breast cancer in Iranian women: A hospital-based case-control study in Tabriz, Iran.
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J Breast Cancer. Increased trend of breast cancer mortality in Iran. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. Predictive factors of survival time of breast cancer in Kurdistan province of Iran between — A cox regression approach. Surviving recurrence: Psychological and quality-of-life recovery.
The survey of mindfulness in multiple sclerosis patients and its association with attachment style.
Journal of education and health promotion. The relationship between type C personality, locus of control and hardiness in patients suffering from cancer and normal subjects. The role of psychological hardiness and marital satisfaction in predicting posttraumatic growth in a sample of women with breast cancer in Isfahan. Iranian journal of cancer prevention. Kobasa SC. Stressful life events, personality, and health: An inquiry into hardiness. J Pers Soc Psychol.
Tribe of Mentors — Recommended Books from Mentors and Top Books from Tools of Titans
Progress is not just material but moral: the world has abolished human sacrifice, slavery, heretic-burning, witch hunts, duelling, apartheid and male-only suffrage. It is also decimating child labour, capital punishment and the criminalisation of homosexuality. Deutsch presents science as a force for betterment, since it impels us to explain the world while forcing us to acknowledge our fallibility. The sky is blue, the birds are singing. Topics Books Further reading. Steven Pinker features.